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The Ideal Solution for Heating Bulk Powders

The Ideal Solution for Heating Bulk Powders

Through the years, industrial leaders conducted intensive research in the field of bulk solids and bulk powder processing in order to meet the challenging demands for efficient bulk products processing and eventually to replace the inefficient traditional method   Bulk CBD Products    which yields low quality results.

From the traditional method of hot air in heating bulk solids material, today a more advanced, sophisticated and efficient heating technology designed by the worlds leading industrial companies has been employed in an international array of facilities in heating bulk solids such as sugar, fertilizer, chemicals, plastics, dried biosolids, minerals, and many other types of grains, crystals and bulk powders in response to today’s challenges in processing bulk products.

During the designing stage of this new technology, industrial leaders and scientists in the bulk industry realized that the traditional method has a difficult time controlling the two key outcomes of final product temperature and moisture content if they will only use the single medium of hot air. With the use of indirect heating in the purpose of controlling the product temperature and a small amounts of cross-flow air to control moisture content, the ideal solution of heating bulk products is to be able to provide the exact outcomes required for downstream processing.

This innovative technology does only provide the ideal solution in processing bulk product materials but at the same time it offers several innate advantages compared to the traditional approach and other competing technologies. Specifically engineered for use with bulk product materials, this advanced heating technology produces a superior bulk powder quality, consumes up to 90% less energy than other heating technologies available today, eliminates the production of air emissions, dust, fines, odors, and solves a number of other issues commonly involved in the process of heating bulk solids and bulk powders.

Furthermore, this bulk powders heat exchanger technology did not alter the p

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Mobile Casino Games Testing Experience

Mobile Casino Games Testing Experience

Big online casinos such as 888 Casino as well as casinos with Microgaming and Playtech software, these names are the most famous suppliers of the gaming software, leading producers of software for the internet casinos, poker-rooms   토토사이트 mobile casinos and mobile poker rooms. Also there is a number of mobile casinos with its proprietary software too.

I surely have not played in all casinos of these casino software suppliers, but in fact, the games from the same supplier do not differ at all, maybe only they have different logos and color of the lobby. If you would like to share your mobile gambling experience, do not hesitate to submit your mobile casino or mobile poker review via contact us page and we will be more than happy to post it no the website.

For the purpose of the mobile casinos games testing, any mobile casino from the same software supplier maybe considered the same as well, though they have some differences: support, bonuses, money depositing and withdrawal options.

I chose two games: mobile black jack game and video poker to test the mobile casinos. Firstly, because I like the games of skill, secondly black jack for example has very low house edge and possibility of large wins. So, if a casino player would wager in accordance to the basic strategy it would be easy to answer for the casino honesty, the honesty and fairness of games at the particular mobile casino.

I play 100 deals and write down the results. I follow the basic strategy in video poker and mobile black jack, mainly by equal stakes, though in black jack I can vary them if I want to. Analyzing black jack results, pay attention to such parameters as casino advantage – in theory it should be 0,5%, number of gains /draws/losses – must be 43%/9%/48% accordingly, number of black jacks – 5. Analyzing mobile video poker results expected value is not so illustrative because of the high dispersion. It’s better to pay attention to the frequency of winning combinations, upon the average on 100 game rounds there should be: 21 times – a pair, 13 times – two pairs, 7 times – a triplet, one time – straight flush and full house. Basically, in the short run if the full house combinations are absent, the payout should be something like – 9% (ratio of the four of a kind 6%, royal – 2%, straight flush – 0,5%). Where it is allowed I double the pairs, these results can be quite demonstrative. Here I would like to tell you that 100 deals are not enough to draw statistically verified conclusions (though, if the losses amounted to 15 rates in 100 black jack deals , than the probability that the game is honest is only 10%, and if the number increases up to 27 rates, then this probability decreases up to 1%). You can catch a winning streak of few hands or on the contrary.

Black jack is a good game for bonus players especially, because the players can calculate the house edge on the game precisely – assuming they play according to the correct basic black jack strategy – and the house edge at the black jack is very small because of the low negative deals fluctuations. Nonetheless, I guess you can trust the results of the casinos with a reputable name.

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Golvplattan som matchar din stil!

Golvplattan som matchar din stil!
 
Föreställ dig detta! Du kliver in i ett av dina vänner, han eller hon har detta överdådiga hem vackert dekorerat med Ytterpaneler väggklädsel, några prickiga antikviteter i något hörn av vardagsrummet, väggar obefläckat färgade med precision, allt är nästan perfekt. Men då, en blick ner på golvet och du ser brist på glansgolv med nästan dött utseende. Hur kommer du att betygsätta huset på estetik? Inte för högt antar jag, eller hur? Att påverkan ett golv har på hela rummet och ditt hus som helhet kan göra eller bryta hela intrycket som dina fyra väggar står fast på.
 
Golvplattor har fått ökad betydelse i arkitektoniska vetenskaper. Oavsett om det är kontor, servicelokaler, hotell, flygplatser, sjukhus, för att inte tala om bostäder, är golvet den första skaparen av stora intryck. Valet av bra golv är lika viktigt som färgen, funktionerna etc. Lägg till det faktum att det golv du väljer en gång förblir hos dig till nästa stora renoveringsförsök och du skulle snart inse kritiken med bra golv.
 
Det vanligaste sättet för golv i modern tid är implementering av golvplattor. Golvplattorna är (mestadels) fyrkantiga block av olika material (mestadels sten eller keramik) tillgängliga i olika storlekar beroende på behovet. Dessa fyrkantiga block är ordnade tätt mot varandra på golvet för att bilda en rad golvplattor.
 
Idealiskt kan varje rum i ett hem ha kakel med olika couture som passar dess syfte. Badrummet, till exempel, kommer att ha kakel som skulle vara halkskyddande. Köket kan ha träplattor, vardagsrummet kan ha digitala plattor med flashiga bilder och sovrummet kan ha enkla keramiska plattor med specifik smak. Företagslobbyn, hotell, flygplatser etc. behöver mer av en glittrande känsla som reflekteras från golven medan sjukhus, skolor etc. behöver ge rullisten en känsla av hygienisk miljö.
 
De vanligaste materialen som används för golvplattor inkluderar granit, marmor, keramik, glas, trä, etc. Keramikplattorna är de mest populära på grund av deras rikliga tillgänglighet, låga kostnad och flexibilitet för att formas till valfri form. Dessutom är de keramiska plattorna lätta att underhålla och rengöra. Golvplattor kräver material med hög hårdhetskoefficient. Att äga detta mjukare material som kalksten, gummi etc. används inte för tillverkning av plattor.
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Commercial Casinos Energy Policy Act Tax Opportunity

Commercial Casinos Energy Policy Act Tax Opportunity

  

The Casino Environment

Before the recent economic downturn, commercial casinos collected at least $30 billion in revenues each year from 2005 through 2008.1 During this period, US casino owners built new facilities and expanded the size of their existing facilities. As a result of the economic downturn, new US commercial casino construction has come to a   

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  screeching halt and casino operators are now focused on existing facility cost reduction.

The Section 179(D) Tax Provisions

Increasingly, casino operators are taking advantage of the EPAct IRC section 179(D) commercial building energy efficiency tax provisions, which have been extended through 2013. EPAct tax deductions are available for qualifying energy reductions in lighting, HVAC(heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), and building envelope. (Building envelope consists of the building’s foundation, walls, roof, windows, and doors, all of which control the flow of energy between the interior and exterior of the building.)

The Nature of Casino Properties

Commercial casinos often encompass hotel resorts, which offer attractive packages of services for their corporate and family customers. Casinos are particularly suited to EPAct because of their large gaming floors, hotel occupancy rooms, meeting halls, and parking garages. Each of these features typically consumes large square footage and the EPAct benefit has a potential for up to 60 cents per square foot for each of the three measures described above. Some of the smallest commercial casinos are about 50,000 square feet while most American casinos are typically over 100,000 square feet. One of the largest ones, MGM Grand on the Las Vegas strip is almost 2 million square feet. Hotels themselves are the most favored of Section 179 building category. (See “Hotels and Motels Most Favored Energy Policy Act Tax Properties”)

It is common to think of commercial casinos as located in two states Nevada and New Jersey. While it is true that these two states have the largest commercial casino revenues, there are 12 states with commercial casinos in the United States, the other commercial casino states are: Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota. Members of the American Gaming Association have publicized some of their commitments to energy reduction. Reporting casinos include Boyd Gaming Corporation, Harrah’s Entertainment, Inc., and MGM Mirage. They have projects which include significant energy savings via cogeneration, ERV(energy recovery ventilation), more efficient HVAC units, replacing incandescent lights with energy efficient lightings, windows with energy efficient day lighting systems, solar thermal storage and numerous other energy saving initiatives.

The underlying rule set to qualify for the Section 179D lighting tax deduction makes casinos and particularly casino hotels the most favored property category for the tax incentive. The rule set requires at least a 25% watts-per-square foot reduction as compared to the 2001 ASHRAE (American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers) building energy code standard. Full tax deduction is achieved with a 40% watts-per-square foot reduction compared to the ASHRAE 2001 standard. The ASHRAE 2004 hotel/motel building code standard requires 40% wattage reduction, which means that any hotel or motel lighting installation that meets that building code requirement will automatically qualify for the maximum EPAct tax deduction.

Occupancy Rooms

For most other building categories, the Section 179D tax provisions require compliance with the bi-level switching requirement. The comparison is always based on wired rather than plug-in lighting. Casino hotel occupancy rooms have a major advantage in that they often use plug-in lighting, and because these rooms function as hotel and motel spaces, they are specifically excluded from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Since occupant rooms are usually one of the larger spaces in hotel casinos, casinos are typically able to use energy efficient lighting to generate large EPAct tax deductions for the facility.

Back of the House Spaces

Casinos often have large kitchen, storage, and laundry (so called back of the house) spaces that have historically used T-12 fluorescent lighting. This lighting is so energy inefficient compared to today’s lighting products that it will be illegal to manufacture in the United States after July 1, 2010.4 Once manufacturing of these prior generation lighting products ceases, the cost of replacing these inefficient bulbs will increase. Simply stated, casinos should consider acting now to replace these lighting fixtures to save both energy and lamp replacement costs. The EPAct lighting tax incentive can be used to address the opportunities related to these legally mandated product changes

Ball Rooms, Banquet Rooms and Restaurants

These areas of casinos have historically used designer type lighting that is energy inefficient and often very expensive to maintain and replace. In particular, replacing bulbs and lamps in high ceilings is very costly since expensive mobile hydraulic platform equipment must be rented or purchased to handle the replacements. New lighting products and, in particular, light emitting diode (LED) products, use a fraction of the energy and have a much longer useful life and are now being substituted. The combination of large energy cost reduction, operating cost reductions, utility rebates and EPAct tax deductions can greatly improve the economic payback from these more costly lighting upgrades.

Parking Garages

Many casinos have large adjoining parking garages that can save substantial energy costs and generate large tax deductions by upgrading to energy efficient fixtures. In Notice 2008-40 issued March 7th, 2008, the IRS announced that parking garages are a property class that is specifically entitled to use the EPAct tax deductions. Also, parking garages are excluded from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Please see the September, 2008 International Parking Institute article devoted to parking garages EPAct lighting deduction tax opportunities.5

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Live Dealer Casinos – A Fad Or the Future?

Live Dealer Casinos – A Fad Or the Future?

There have been online casinos around for a long time, with each of them offering various versions of roulette, blackjack, baccarat, and poker with random number generators. With the evolution of new technologies, casinos now have the ability

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to offer games with real dealers in a live casino environment. This new ability has all of us looking at online casinos and wondering if the new live dealer casinos are fads or the future of online casinos.
There are a lot of advantages to playing roulette or blackjack in a live dealer casino. One of the most important advantages is the social networking that can be made through chatting with the dealers or the other players. This kind of interaction can’t be found while playing RNG games, and will only be found either playing in a brick and mortar casino or in an online live dealer casino. It is always nice to join a game and have the dealer greet you by name, or to be able to converse with the other players at the table.
Another great advantage to the live dealer casinos is the ability to see the game as it is being played real time. You can watch as the cards are being shuffled and dealt when playing live blackjack, or watch as the roulette wheel spins and the number comes up when playing live roulette. Real people are dealing the cards or spinning the roulette wheel, real people that you can see and hear. When you have the ability to watch these actions, it means that you can be sure that the final result is authentic. I don’t know about you, but I find it comforting to watch to roulette ball as it drops into the number wheel, and then hear the croupier call out the number, as it is happening.
Some casinos, such as LuckyLive Casino or DublinBet Casino, have cameras set up in real brick and mortar casinos, like the FitzWilliam Club in Dublin, Ireland. The dealers at these casinos work for the casinos and are filmed live as they are working. You will see other players at the roulette table or sitting at the blackjack table, and you can hear the noise of the live casino in the background. This feed is then streamed into your computer through software, such as Distance Gaming Software. The images that you see on your computer are real time, with virtually no lag time whatsoever.
There are some casinos, such as Celtic Casino or Europa Casino, that film the games from a studio with live dealers in a casino setting. Since this is all filmed in a studio, there won’t be any of the background noise that you will find at other live dealer casinos. Although the dealers are in a studio environment, you can rest easy that all of the dealers are thoroughly trained to the standards of the dealers who work in Las Vegas or Monte Carlo. They are all professional, courteous, and extremely competent casino dealers.

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The Gym Girl’s Guide to Pretty: Makeup Review

The Gym Girl’s Guide to Pretty: Makeup Review

I love the gym. I love to sweat and work hard. I love chalking it up, and throwing heavy weights around. Most of the time, I work out with the bros… lots of times, I share their bar… guys Turn On The Light  Face Serum frequently tell me they want to look like me, or lift like me (yep, that happens, it doesn’t need to be awkward)… and it’s great fun. However, and this may come as a shock to you, Dear Reader… I’m not really a bro. At heart, I’m just a girl, who doesn’t really want a whole lot more than to look and feel pretty, and eat delicious food. Lifting heavy stuff is a bonus. (just kidding, that’s a lie, I really want all the things… chase your dreams, Dear Reader!)

So, even when I’m at the gym for my typical bro sesh, I take a little effort to actually look like a girl. It’s one reason I love Lululemon clothing. Their line is without exception very feminine, very flattering, and I never have to compromise on quality/functionality. But that’s another article…

For today, let’s talk makeup.

Now, ladies, you may be one who just doesn’t care about who sees what and how much of it. Dark circles, blemishes, uneven skin tone… you couldn’t care less. OR, maybe you’re blessed with flawless glowing skin, and simply don’t understand what the fuss is all about. If that’s you, move on, you don’t need to read any further.

I was blessed with good, but not perfect skin, and I just feel better when I put on a little makeup. I also have the dual role at the gym, most times, of coach and athlete, and I do feel a need to put a professional face forward.

I’ve found products over the years that work really well under some pretty intense (read sweaty) situations. Just to give you an idea, I occasionally break out (gasp), especially around that time. I have fair skin that tends to be sensitive to fragrances and fillers. I also like to keep my makeup routine simple. I spend 10 minutes or less on my makeup. My standards are pretty high, here’s what it takes to make my list:

I need something that can last all day (sometimes that means 10 hours or more), through a hard work out, through the office, teaching lessons, and often back to the gym.

I need products that won’t break the bank. While I wear makeup, and am willing to invest in good skin care, I don’t actually believe you need to spend a fortune to get great quality products.

What I put on my face must be good for my skin, and certainly not exacerbate blemishes or imperfections.

And, lastly, I need ease of use, and accessibility. I’m not going to wait three weeks for my products to ship from Hungary. If I can’t pick it up around town, or get it quickly and easily online, it’s just not going to work.

With those qualifications, here’s what fits the bill…

L’Oreal Paris Visible Lift Serum Absolute Advanced Age-Reversing Makeup ~$13. This is such an outstanding product. This makeup takes me from gym at 5:00 am to my last class at 7:00 pm with hardly a touch up needed. It provides excellent medium (and build-able) coverage without ever feeling thick or crusty. The liquid formula goes on beautifully smooth (I apply with clean fingertips) and finishes to a powder. It lasts through sweating, and just performs like a champ. I love that it comes in plenty of fair shades, with a few that are even too light for my skin (that hardly ever happens!). And it’s a complete package with effective UVB/UVF SPF 17. In terms of anti-aging, I can’t really speak to the benefits, but as an excellent irritant-free foundation, this is an all-around winner. This formula is appropriate for all skin types.

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No Limit Texas Hold Em Secrets – 3 Ways To Save Time At The Table

No Limit Texas Hold Em Secrets – 3 Ways To Save Time At The Table

Utilize these No Restriction Texas Hold Em mysteries to save time at the poker table, improving your game and bringing about more benefits. Peruse this article currently to learn them.

We as a whole love to save time. Regardless of whether it’s utilizing a vehicle to go down the shops, utilizing a Visa as opposed to needing money constantly, or in any event, keeping our clothing in a similar draw so we generally know where they are, we as a whole save time every day to make our lives simpler. These No Restriction Texas Hold Em mysteries will tell you significant methods of the best way to save time at the poker table, to make your life simpler.

Efficient No Restriction Texas Hold Em Mystery #1

The first and most ideal approach to save time, which totally opened up the vast majority of my ‘cerebrum time’ at the poker table and empowered me to truly focus on the wide range of various variables of the game and improve a lot quicker, is by having an exceptional rundown of all the pocket cards you are glad to play 홀덤사이트, and from what position.

At the point when you in a split second know whether you are playing or not and don’t need to ‘conclude’ if to play you currently have such a lot of cerebrum time to zero in on the more significant things – different players!

Efficient No Restriction Texas Hold Em Mystery #2

A perfect brief period saving stunt is to have your very own ‘standard wager’ which is your very own benchmark. Wagering a comparable or same sum each time is in reality acceptable from various perspectives.

At the point when you wager a similar sum pre-flop you hide the strength of your hand. You’re wagering the equivalent with pocket pros as you are with J-10 offsuit. It keeps you rivals from understanding you.

Efficient No Restriction Texas Hold Em Mystery #3

The third efficient mystery I have for you is a gnawed off-focus, yet hold on for me. This mystery will save you time over the long haul by empowering you to benefit more, quicker.

That is, the point at which you are rehearsing poker you ought to really be doing this, rehearsing 1 hour and perusing/reading for 60 minutes. Keep the measure of training/play equivalent to the measure of study/instruction.

You will lose a little in quick money since you’re not making prompt/direct cash for the hour of study, however after only a few of months the benefits you are currently making because of the instruction gets up to speed to your ‘natural misfortune’s nevertheless at that point shoots you forward at a remarkable rate.

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How Does Asian Handicap Betting Bring You a High Chance of Winning?

How Does Asian Handicap Betting Bring You a High Chance of Winning?

Asian Impairment Wagering, as the name proposes, it is a type of chances for football wagering game started in Asia. It was composed as 1/2 in the online games wagering locales, and was marked as ‘half-ball’ handicap in the Asian area.

Asian Impediment Wagering is getting quite possibly the most the mainstream sports wagering framework in Europe’s wagering market. Asian impairment strategy gives a more leveled wagering climate in which Home and Away groups are severely bungled. Before the match begins, a “handicap” will be given to a most loved group that is bound to win, and a virtual head start to the Longshot group. This will help to adjust the odds of winning fan88 for the two groups. For this situation, you may wager on the less most loved group, which may lose by an objective, yet at the same time winning the wager.

Here are the reasons why the Asian Impediment Wagering is more favored by the punters:

Better possibility of winning

You are wagering on Win, Lose, or Attract fixed chances. Anyway there are just 2 choices in Asian Impairment, simply pick one of the 2 sides in a match, either wager on Host Group or Away Group wins. The draw choice is dispensed with in Asian Impairment, along these lines the chance of dominating the match ascends from 33.3% to half.

Secure punters from the tie

In contrast to conventional fixed chances, punters can win their wager regardless of whether the group they wager on don’t succeed at the finish of match. Regardless of whether they lose, they may just lose half or quarter of stake rather than full stake, relies upon the impairment offer. As such, both solid group and frail has an equivalent opportunity to dominate the match because of the impairment head start, doesn’t this sound fascinating to you?

Better chances

Disregard exhausting fixed chances, in the event that you are believing that triumphant 15 pennies on each dollar you wager on more grounded group in fixed chances is ugly, the time has come to begin another game in Asian Impediment Wagering. Asian Debilitation Wagering gives much preferred chances over fixed chances. By giving a less most loved group an objective impairment, the bookmarker offers you better yields when you wager top choices.

For instance, if Chelsea play Portsmouth, you typically will see Chelsea dominate the game at a fixed chances of 1.15 – 1.20, it is generally ugly. Anyway on the Asian Debilitation, Chelsea may be evaluated up with a – 2.0 objective, the chances are acclimated to around 1.90 and Portsmouth with a +2.0 objective, valued at 2.00. This will expand the fervor of the game.

With Asian Impairment strategy, it isn’t just level a wagering circumstance between a solid and a less most loved group, yet it will likewise makes the match more charming, as you may lose the match yet at the same time win the wager.

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What is Online Sports Betting?

What is Online Sports Betting?

Online games wagering is exactly what the name proposes, you wager on a game of your decision through any of the numerous games wagering sites on the Web. The wager can be about any part of the game and the chances are given by the site. Online games wagering has quick acquired ubiquity among the worldwide masses to such an extent that it is assessed that multiple times more cash was filled online games wagering than sports wagering in the wagering capital of the world – Las Vegas. Sports that pull in an enormous number of online punters in the U.K incorporate pony dashing, greyhound hustling, and football.

The manner in which online games wagering works is essentially the equivalent across every single wagering entryway and sites. Many online games wagering offer internet betting and club and you can wager and bet utilizing a solitary record. Numerous organizations that offer fun888 online games wagering have been running blocks and-mortar wagering organizations for quite a long time.

In case you’re over eighteen and choose to take a stab at online games wagering select a site that gives secure enlistment, presents to-date chances, ideally permits you to put down wagers without downloading any sort of programming, offers enough assortment in the kinds of bets you can put and the webpage itself ought to be an enrolled one in the nation in which it works.

Secure enlistment and secure exchanges are significant on account of the expanding danger of online cheats and wholesale fraud. Make certain to peruse the Terms and Conditions to comprehend your risk if there should be an occurrence of your record getting traded off. Additionally, guarantee that there are no covered up and repeating expenses that may get you unprepared. It is your obligation to guarantee that the online games wagering organization you select with has gained notoriety for reasonable managing, a brisk and productive installment framework – a few locales have an equivalent day installment framework, a day in and day out helpline to take into account client inquiries, and so on Check different online games wagering destinations and visit applicable gatherings to get a thought of which webpage offers an encounter most appropriate to your character.

A ton of betting destinations offer free enrollment and extra focuses to newcomers in an offer to draw in them. They additionally have alluring reference programs that can prompt generous reward profit. On setting aside an installment of a specific least worth, you can have the exchange costs postponed. These locales have basically no section boundaries and getting participation is a smooth cycle. You can open a record with as meager as £ 2 and you can lay a bet of as low as 1p. You are not limited by ethnicity in your decision of an online games wagering website. You can bet on a Title football coordinate among Liverpool and Chelsea while you sit in Canada. You are allowed to wager on games from everywhere the world. Furthermore, numerous destinations offer customization to your language and your cash, so you know precisely the thing you’re wagering on and the amount to bet so you appreciate mindfully.

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Presenting – Alex Winch & the Beaches Solar Laundromat

Presenting – Alex Winch & the Beaches Solar Laundromat

Over the last couple of years I have had the opportunity to interview many interesting personalities: tourism experts, authors, philanthropists, and enlightened entrepreneurs. For my article series about Toronto’s Beach neighbourhood, I have specifically been looking to interview business owners who have come up with socially   24 hour laundromat seattle   and environmentally innovative business ideas.

Michael Prue, the Provincial Member of Parliament for the Beaches / East York, pointed me in the direction of Alex Winch, owner of the Beach Solar Laundromat. You might think – a laundromat, how can that be an interesting business? Well, read on and you will see that this business and its owner are definitely outside the norm.

Early this cold Thursday morning I met Alex at his premises on Queen Street East and got an introduction to this unusual business. When Alex bought the laundromat in 2002 it was outdated and dingy, so Alex got to work and replaced almost half the washers and dryers with new high-efficiency machines. He also put the place through a complete cosmetic overhaul and brightened it up considerably.
But where it gets really interesting is behind the scenes, where the entire operational process of the laundromat was redesigned. Alex always wanted to turn this business into a leading-edge environmentally sustainable business. So in October of 2002 he ordered eight solar panels which were commissioned in December of 2002. Alex had planned all along to use solar energy for heating the water needed in his laundry facility.

Alex explained that the eight solar panels on his building’s roof measure about 250 square feet and were installed by a company named Solcan, located in London, Ontario. The thermal panels include a layer of black copper with a four inch copper vane that contains a three/eighth’s inch copper tube with antifreeze flowing through it. This antifreeze consists of food-grade propylene glycol and transfers the heat energy from the roof through the entire system down to a heat exchanger in the basement. Even if there was a leak in the antifreeze conduits, this would not contaminate the water supply.

The anti-freeze has a freezing point of -25 degrees Celsius at which point the glycol gels, shutting down the solar water heating system since the glycol simply stops moving inside the tubes. In this case a natural gas backup boiler system kicks in and starts heating the water.

In the interest of making his business more environmentally sustainable, Alex has also replaced the lighting system and installed new high-